There are two main classifications of antibiotics. Antibiotics are either narrow spectrum; meaning they target only a certain bacteria, or a particular set of symptoms- or they are broad-spectrum, meaning that they target more than just one type of bacterial infection. While the broad spectrum family of antibiotics used for sinus infection may seem to be the right treatment, one must consider the fact that the body tends to develop an immunity to this type of antibiotic.
Narrow-spectrum antibiotics used for sinus infection cost much less than thte broad spectrum type and may be prescribed by the doctor without worrying about any adverse effects. This holds true of course, only if the bacteria responds to the antibiotic, failing which, the doctor might then prescribe a broad spectrum antibiotic.
A common narrow spectrum antibiotic used for sinus infection is penicillin. This helps to destroy bacteria that feeds on the body’s nutrients like a parasite, helping it to multiply. Because of this ‘destroying’ effect, Penicillin helps quickly end sinus infections very effectively, making it the antibiotic of choice for curing sinus infections.
Cephalosporin is from the broad-spectrum antibiotics family. This antibiotic is quite like penicillin but instead of destroying the bacteria itself, it keeps the bacteria from synthesizing with the tissue. One of the apparently better antibiotics used for sinus infection is Ceftin, which is said to be one of the more stubborn antibiotics as it is especially effective in treating the tougher cases of sinus infection.
Macrolides are a variety of narrow spectrum antibiotics . This type of antibiotic works to keep the bacteria from producing proteins. This type of antibiotic does not work to kill the bacteria, rather it helps control the bacteria’s growth and thus the infection and helps the body’s own immune system build or regain its strength to fight off the infection.
The latest class of antibiotics to hit the market are a broad spectrum antibiotic called Fluoroqinolones which prevent the growth and multiplication of bacteria as well as destroy it. Two examples of this type of bacteria that you may want to look at are Avelox ® and Levaquin ®.
So the most common narrow-spectrum antibiotics used for sinus infections are macrolides and penicillin, while the broad spectrum variety include fluoroquinolones and cephalosporins. Each antibiotic, even within the same variety, acts in a unique manner, so the doctor ultimately determines what antibiotic to prescribe for your particular condition.